High intensity loss mechanisms on the ISIS rapid cycling synchrotron
Warsop CM., Adams DJ., Jones B., Payne SJ., Pine BG., Smith HV., Williamson RE., Kornilov V.
Copyright © 2014 CC-BY-3.0 and by the respective authors. ISIS is the spallation neutron source at the Rutherford Appleton laboratory in the UK. Operation centres on a loss limited, 800 MeV, 50 Hz proton synchrotron which delivers 0.2 MW to two targets. Understanding loss mechanisms on the ISIS ring is important for optimal operation, machine developments and upgrades, as well as improving designs for future machines. The high space charge levels, combined with the low loss achieved for high power operation, makes the ring an ideal tool for studying the physics of beam loss, particularly in a fast ramping context. The ability to reconfigure the beam in storage ring mode, and ongoing developments of diagnostics and beam measurements, are allowing detailed studies of image effects, resonances, beam stability and activation. We summarise recent work and progress on these topics, comparing with theory and simulation where appropriate.