X-ray imaging has proved invaluable in medical diagnoses and non-destructive testing (NDT) in the past century. However, there remain two major limitations: radiation harm and inaccessibility to the sample. A recent imaging modality, X-ray induced acoustic computed tomography (XACT), allows a novel solution. In XACT, x-ray induced excitation causes localized heating (<mK) and thermoelastic expansion. This induces a detectable ultrasonic emission, thereby enabling imaging. XACT has the potential to enable low-dose, fast, 3D imaging requiring only single side access. We discuss the fundamentals of XACT and summarize milestones in its evolution over the past several years since its first demonstration using a Medical Linear Accelerator. We highlight XACT's potential applications in biomedical imaging and NDT, and discuss the latest advanced concepts and future directions.
Density measurement, Image guided therapy, Low dose CT, Non-destructive testing, Radiation dosimetry, X-ray beam characterization, X-ray induced acoustic computed tomography