Association of XRCC3 rs1799794 polymorphism with survival of glioblastoma multiforme patients treated with combined radio-chemotherapy.
Pasqualetti F., Gonnelli A., Orlandi P., Palladino E., Giannini N., Gadducci G., Mattioni R., Montrone S., Calistri E., Mazzanti CM., Franceschi S., Ortenzi V., Scatena C., Zavaglia K., Fanelli GN., Morganti R., Santonocito O., Bocci G., Naccarato GA., Paiar F.
This study reports the results of a monocentric prospective analysis conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact of XRCC1 rs25487, XRCC3 rs861539, XRCC3 rs1799794, RAD51 rs1801320 and GSTP-1 rs1695 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) on patients with high-grade glioma treated with concomitant radio-chemotherapy. From October 2010 to August 2019, a total of 75 patients aged ≥18 years, with histological diagnosis of high-grade glioma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 wild type and treated with radio-chemotherapy and sequential chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) were prospectively recruited. The local ethic committee approved this study (Comitato Etico di Area Vasta Nord Ovest [CEAVNO]; protocol 3304/2011). After a median follow up of 25 months (range: 7-98 months), median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 11 months (CI95%: 8-14 months) and 18 months (CI95%: 15-21 months), respectively. In univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, a statistically significant association with PFS and OS was found with XRCC3 rs1799794 SNP. The study suggests that XRCC3 rs1799794 SNP can be associated with different PFS and OS in glioblastoma patients treated with radio-chemotherapy.