Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND/AIM: A much-debated topic relating to patients at risk of local prostate cancer recurrence, but with post-operative leveIs of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) lower than 0.2 ng/ml, concerns the best timing of postoperative radiotherapy (RT), adjuvant or salvage? The present monocentric, retrospective study aimed to investigate the best PSA value at which to plan salvage RT for patients with recurrent prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2019, 158 patients were treated with adjuvant RT at Pisa University Hospital, whilst 91 patients underwent salvage RT. We grouped the patients treated with salvage RT using their PSA values at the time of salvage RT: PSA >0.5 ng/ml, PSA between 0 and 0.5 ng/ml, and PSA ≤0.2 ng/ml. The median follow-up was 63 months. Biochemical recurrence-free survival (BFS) measured from surgery was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Salvage RT led to shorter BFS compared to adjuvant RT considering the whole cohort of patients, with a hazard ratio of 3.195 (95% confidence interval=1.534-6.655, p=0.002). However, analysing only the group of patients with PSA ≤0.2 ng/ml at the time of salvage RT, salvage RT led to BFS similar to that achieved with adjuvant RT (p=0.35). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that when scheduled for patients with a PSA ≤0.2 ng/ml, salvage RT results in equivalent biochemical control to that with adjuvant RT.

Original publication




Journal article


Anticancer Res

Publication Date





2997 - 3001


Prostate cancer, adjuvant radiotherapy, biochemical recurrent prostate cancer, radiotherapy timing, salvage radiotherapy, Humans, Male, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local, Prostate-Specific Antigen, Prostatectomy, Prostatic Neoplasms, Retrospective Studies