Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

It is thought that many of the simple and complex genomic rearrangements associated with congenital diseases and cancers stem from mistakes made during the restart of collapsed replication forks by recombination enzymes. It is hypothesised that this recombination-mediated restart process transitions from a relatively accurate initiation phase to a less accurate elongation phase characterised by extensive template switching between homologous, homeologous and microhomologous DNA sequences. Using an experimental system in fission yeast, where fork collapse is triggered by a site-specific replication barrier, we show that ectopic recombination, associated with the initiation of recombination-dependent replication (RDR), is driven mainly by the Rad51 recombinase, whereas template switching, during the elongation phase of RDR, relies more on DNA annealing by Rad52. This finding provides both evidence and a mechanistic basis for the transition hypothesis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/s41467-022-35060-4

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Commun

Publication Date

26/11/2022

Volume

13

Keywords

DNA Replication, DNA, Schizosaccharomyces, Rad51 Recombinase, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, DNA-Binding Proteins