Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Base excision repair (BER) is one of the major pathways for repair of simple DNA base lesions and is carried out through a series of coordinated reactions relying on several different enzymatic activities and accessory proteins. Imbalance of BER activities has been reported to be linked to genetic instability and cancer. To experimentally address the mechanisms orchestrating BER, we monitored both the overall rate and the rate-limiting steps in the repair in cell-free extracts of five different endogenously occurring DNA lesions (abasic site, uracil, 8-oxoguanine, hypoxanthine and 5,6-dihydrouracil) and the effect of addition of rate-limiting BER components on the rate and co-ordination of BER reactions. We find that several mechanisms including regulation of DNA glycosylase turnover and involvement of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase participate in synchronization of the repair events. We also find that repair of different DNA lesions involves different mechanisms for optimizing repair rates without accumulation of intermediates. Repair of some lesions such as 8-oxoguanine is regulated by glycosylase turnover and progress without substantial accumulation of repair intermediates. However, during repair of the apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) sites or 5,6-dihydrouracil, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase plays an important role in the coordination of the rates of repair reactions.


Journal article


DNA Repair (Amst)

Publication Date





23 - 31


Apurinic Acid, Cell-Free System, Cells, Cultured, DNA Glycosylases, DNA Repair, Guanine, Humans, Hypoxanthine, Lymphocytes, Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases, Polynucleotides, Uracil