Single dose of the antivascular agent, ZD6126 (N-acetylcolchinol-O-phosphate), reduces perfusion for at least 96 hours in the GH3 prolactinoma rat tumor model.
McIntyre DJO., Robinson SP., Howe FA., Griffiths JR., Ryan AJ., Blakey DC., Peers IS., Waterton JC.
Tumor vasculature is an attractive therapeutic target as it differs structurally from normal vasculature, and the destruction of a single vessel can lead to the death of many tumor cells. The effects of antivascular drugs are frequently short term, with regrowth beginning less than 24 hours posttreatment. This study investigated the duration of the response to the vascular targeting agent, ZD6126, of the GH3 prolactinoma, in which efficacy and dose-response have previously been demonstrated. GH3 prolactinomas were grown in the flanks of eight Wistar Furth rats. All animals were treated with 50 mg/kg ZD6126. The tumors were examined with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) 24 hours pretreatment and posttreatment, and at a single time between 48 and 96 hours posttreatment. No evidence of recovery of perfusion was observed even at the longest (96-hour) time point. Involvement of a statistician at the project planning stage and the use of DCE-MRI, which permits noninvasive quantitation of parameters related to blood flow in intact animals, allowed this highly significant result to be obtained using only eight rats.