Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The effective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) transverse relaxation rate R(2)* was investigated as an early acute marker of the response of rat GH3 prolactinomas to the vascular-targeting agent, ZD6126. Multigradient echo (MGRE) MRI was used to quantify R(2)*, which is sensitive to tissue deoxyhemoglobin levels. Tumor R(2)* was measured prior to, and either immediately for up to 35 minutes, or 24 hours following administration of 50 mg/kg ZD6126. Following MRI, tumor perfusion was assessed by Hoechst 33342 uptake. Tumor R(2)* significantly increased to 116 +/- 4% of baseline 35 minutes after challenge, consistent with an ischemic insult induced by vascular collapse. A strong positive correlation between baseline R(2)* and the subsequent increase in R(2)* measured 35 minutes after treatment was obtained, suggesting that the baseline R(2)* is prognostic for the subsequent tumor response to ZD6126. In contrast, a significant decrease in tumor R(2)* was found 24 hours after administration of ZD6126. Both the 35-minute and 24-hour R(2)* responses to ZD6126 were associated with a decrease in Hoechst 33342 uptake. Interpretation of the R(2)* response is complex, yet changes in tumor R(2)* may provide a convenient and early MRI biomarker for detecting the antitumor activity of vascular-targeting agents.

Original publication

DOI

10.1593/neo.04622

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neoplasia

Publication Date

05/2005

Volume

7

Pages

466 - 474

Keywords

Animals, Antineoplastic Agents, Benzimidazoles, Female, Hemoglobins, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Neoplasms, Organophosphorus Compounds, Perfusion, Prognosis, Prolactinoma, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Time Factors