Effect of pretreatment with atenolol and nifedipine on ZD6126-induced cardiac toxicity in rats.
Gould S., Westwood FR., Curwen JO., Ashton SE., Roberts DW., Lovick SC., Ryan AJ.
Antivascular agents that act by destabilizing microtubules, such as ZD6126 (N-acetylcolchinol-O-phosphate), are associated with adverse cardiovascular effects, including transient hypertension, cardiac ischemia, myocardial infarction, and increases in circulating levels of markers of cardiac damage (e.g., troponins). We investigated mechanisms underlying these effects of ZD6126 in rats by continuously monitoring their heart rate and blood pressure and by assessing heart histopathology and plasma troponin T levels. ZD6126 induced acute transient hemodynamic changes (hypertension and delayed tachycardia), which were associated with statistically significant increases in circulating troponin T levels (median level 3 hours after treatment with vehicle or 12.5 mg/kg ZD6126: <9 pg/mL and 563 pg/mL, respectively; P <.001 [two-sided Wilcoxon rank sum test]) and in the incidence of left ventricular myocardial fiber necrosis (incidence 24 hours after treatment with vehicle or 12.5 mg/kg ZD6126: 0/10 rats and 9/10 rats, respectively; P <.001 [two-sided Wilcoxon rank sum test]). Pretreatment of rats with atenolol and nifedipine ameliorated the acute hemodynamic changes and prevented ZD6126-induced increases in both troponin T and myocardial necrosis but did not prevent ZD6126-induced tumor necrosis in an Hras5 tumor xenograft model in nude rats. Our findings suggest that ZD6126-induced acute hemodynamic changes are a prerequisite for cardiac damage in rats.