A Phase I First-in-Human Study of Enoticumab (REGN421), a Fully Human Delta-like Ligand 4 (Dll4) Monoclonal Antibody in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.
Chiorean EG., LoRusso P., Strother RM., Diamond JR., Younger A., Messersmith WA., Adriaens L., Liu L., Kao RJ., DiCioccio AT., Kostic A., Leek R., Harris A., Jimeno A.
PURPOSE: Enoticumab (REGN421) is a fully human IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds human Dll4 and disrupts Notch-mediated signaling. The main objectives of this trial were to determine the safety, dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), pharmacokinetics (PK), and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of enoticumab. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Enoticumab was administered intravenously, with dose escalations from 0.25 to 4 mg/kg every 3 weeks (Q3W) and 0.75 to 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks (Q2W). RESULTS: Of 53 enrolled patients, 31 patients were treated Q3W and 22 patients were treated Q2W. Two DLTs occurred: grade 3 nausea (0.5 mg/kg Q3W) and grade 3 abdominal pain (1 mg/kg Q2W). An MTD was not reached on either schedule. The most frequent adverse events (AE) were fatigue, nausea, vomiting, hypertension, headache, and anorexia. Six treatment-related serious AEs were reported in 4 patients: brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) increase (0.25 mg/kg Q3W, Gr1), troponin I increase (4 mg/kg Q3W, Gr3), right ventricular dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension (1.5 mg/kg Q2W, both Gr3), and left ventricular dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension (3 mg/kg Q2W, both Gr3). Enoticumab was characterized by nonlinear, target-mediated PK, and had a terminal half-life of 8 to 9 days. With multiple Q2W or Q3W dosing, accumulation was not observed. Antitumor activity included two partial responses (non-small cell lung cancer bronchoalveolar-type with a β-catenin mutation, and ovarian cancer) and 16 patients with stable disease (3> 6 months). CONCLUSIONS: Enoticumab was tolerated, with RP2D of 4 mg/kg Q3W and 3 mg/kg Q2W based on PK profile and clinical activity. Responses and SD were noted in ovarian cancer and other solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res; 21(12); 2695-703. ©2015 AACR.