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Twenty children received methylprednisolone (1 g/m2), daily for 5 to 8 days, as initial single agent therapy for relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Bone marrow blasts were reduced to < 5% in 2 and 5-10% in 3 of 12 patients with bone marrow relapses. In 3/9 with central nervous system relapses the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) blasts completely cleared and were reduced in 4 others. In two patients with testicular relapses there was shrinkage of tumour and one patient with a navicular bone relapse became pain free. Toxicity was minimal. These results indicate high-dose methylprednisolone is an effective agent, particularly in the treatment of established central nervous system (CNS) disease and could contribute to early CNS directed therapy in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/Mpo.2950200206

Type

Journal article

Journal

Medical and Pediatric Oncology

Publication Date

1992

Volume

20

Pages

119 - 123

Keywords

methylprednisolone central nervous system directed therapy acute lymphoblastic leukemia intravenous methylprednisolone meningeal leukemia nephrotic syndrome children prednisolone therapy pharmacokinetics vincristine involvement disposition