Expression of mutant p53, c-erbB-2 and the epidermal growth factor receptor in transitional cell carcinoma of the human urinary bladder.
Wright C., Mellon K., Johnston P., Lane DP., Harris AL., Horne CH., Neal DE.
Expression of the p53, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr; c-erbB-1) and c-erbB-2 proteins was studied in 82 patients with primary transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder using an immuno-histochemical method. Strong or moderate staining was found in 18% of tumours for p53 with weaker staining in a further 36% giving a total of 54% of tumours stained for p53. Strong staining was found in 15% of tumours for c-erbB-2 and in 31% for the EGFr. Tumours invading the bladder muscle were significantly more likely to be strongly stained positively for p53 and/or EGFr compared with superficial tumours: only 15% of invasive tumours were stained negatively for both p53 and EGFr. No statistical association was found between p53 and EGFr expression. Weakly positive associations were found between the expression of c-erbB-2 and p53 and between muscle invasive tumours and increased expression of c-erbB-2. Alterations in the expression of p53, c-erbB-1 and c-erbB-2 were found frequently in human transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder and may be of clinical use in defining patient sub-groups of differing prognosis.