OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the performance of a computer-aided semi-automated algorithm we have adapted for the purpose of segmenting malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) on CT. METHODS: Forty-five CT scans were collected from 15 patients (M:F [Formula: see text] 10:5, mean age 62.8 years) in a multi-centre clinical drug trial. A computer-aided random walk-based algorithm was applied to segment the tumour; the results were then compared to radiologist-drawn contours and correlated with measurements made using the MPM-adapted Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumour (modified RECIST). RESULTS: A mean accuracy (Sørensen-Dice index) of 0.825 (95% CI [0.758, 0.892]) was achieved. Compared to a median measurement time of 68.1 min (range [40.2, 102.4]) for manual delineation, the median running time of our algorithm was 23.1 min (range [10.9, 37.0]). A linear correlation (Pearson's correlation coefficient: 0.6392, [Formula: see text]) was established between the changes in modified RECIST and computed tumour volume. CONCLUSION: Volumetric tumour segmentation offers a potential solution to the challenges in quantifying MPM. Computer-assisted methods such as the one presented in this study facilitate this in an accurate and time-efficient manner and provide additional morphological information about the tumour's evolution over time.
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg
529 - 538
Computed tomography, Image processing, Malignant pleural mesothelioma, Quantitative tumour measurement, Therapy response assessment, Aged, Algorithms, Female, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Lung Neoplasms, Male, Mesothelioma, Middle Aged, Pleural Neoplasms, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Tumor Burden