The emerging role of E2F-1 in the DNA damage response and checkpoint control.
Stevens C., La Thangue NB.
Genotoxic stress triggers a myriad of cellular responses including cell cycle arrest, stimulation of DNA repair and apoptosis. A central role for the E2F-1 transcription factor in the DNA damage response pathway is gaining support. E2F-1 is phosphorylated by DNA damage responsive protein kinases, which leads to E2F-1 accumulation and the induction of apoptosis. In addition, emerging information suggests that E2F-1 may play a role in the detection and subsequent repair of damaged DNA.