Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), TP53 deletion/mutation is strongly associated with an adverse outcome and resistance to chemotherapy-based treatment. In contrast, TP53 defects are not associated with resistance to the anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody alemtuzumab or methylprednisolone. In an attempt to improve the treatment of TP53-defective CLL, a multicenter phase II study was developed to evaluate alemtuzumab and methylprednisolone in combination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with TP53-deleted CLL (17 untreated and 22 previously treated) received up to 16 weeks of treatment with alemtuzumab 30 mg three times a week and methylprednisolone 1.0 g/m(2) for five consecutive days every 4 weeks. Antimicrobial prophylaxis consisted of cotrimoxazole, itraconazole, and aciclovir (or valganciclovir for asymptomatic cytomegalovirus viremia). The primary end point was response as assigned by an end-point review committee. Secondary end points were safety, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The overall response rate, complete response rate (including with incomplete marrow recovery), median PFS, and median OS were 85%, 36%, 11.8 months, and 23.5 months, respectively, in the entire cohort and 88%, 65%, 18.3 months, and 38.9 months, respectively, in previously untreated patients. Grade 3 to 4 hematologic and glucocorticoid-associated toxicity occurred in 67% and 23% of patients, respectively. Grade 3 to 4 infection occurred in 51% of the overall cohort and in 29% of patients less than 60 years of age. Treatment-related mortality was 5%. CONCLUSION: Alemtuzumab plus methypredisolone is the most effective induction regimen hitherto reported in TP53-deleted CLL. The risk of infection is age related and, in younger patients, seems only marginally higher than that associated with rituximab, fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide.

Original publication

DOI

10.1200/JCO.2011.35.9695

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Clin Oncol

Publication Date

10/05/2012

Volume

30

Pages

1647 - 1655

Keywords

Academies and Institutes, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alemtuzumab, Antibiotic Prophylaxis, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Disease-Free Survival, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Drug Administration Schedule, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Gene Deletion, Genes, p53, Humans, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell, Logistic Models, Male, Methylprednisolone, Middle Aged, Proportional Hazards Models, Remission Induction, Risk Assessment, Survival Rate, Treatment Outcome, United Kingdom