Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We have examined the interaction between collagen binding and epithelial differentiation by using a human colon carcinoma cell line (SW1222) that can differentiate structurally when grown in a three-dimensional collagen gel to form glandular structures. As much as 66% inhibition of glandular differentiation can be achieved by addition to the culture of a synthetic peptide (2 mg/ml) containing the Arg-Gly-Asp-Thr (RGDT) sequence, which is a cell recognition site found in collagen. Arg-Gly-Asp-Thr also inhibited the cell attachment to collagen-coated plates. A control peptide containing the Arg-Gly-Glu-Thr (RGET) sequence had no effect on cell adhesion or cell differentiation. Chromosome 15 was found in all human-mouse hybrid clones [from a cross between SW1222 and a mouse rectal carcinoma cell line (CMT-93)] that could differentiate in the collagen gel and bind collagen. Both binding to collagen and glandular differentiation of the hybrid cells were also inhibited by Arg-Gly-Asp-Thr as for the parent cell line SW1222. The ability of SW1222 cells to express the differentiated phenotype appears, therefore, to be determined by an Arg-Gly-Asp-directed collagen receptor on the cell surface that is controlled by a gene on chromosome 15.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Publication Date

08/1988

Volume

85

Pages

5561 - 5565

Keywords

Animals, Cell Differentiation, Cell Division, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15, Collagen, Colonic Neoplasms, Humans, Hybrid Cells, Oligopeptides, Phenotype, Receptors, Cell Surface, Receptors, Collagen, Tumor Cells, Cultured