Comparative antiproliferative effects of (111)In-DTPA-hEGF, chemotherapeutic agents and gamma-radiation on EGFR-positive breast cancer cells.
Chen P., Mrkobrada M., Vallis KA., Cameron R., Sandhu J., Hendler A., Reilly RM.
The antiproliferative effects of (111)In-DTPA-hEGF on breast cancer cells expressing high levels of EGFR were compared with those of chemotherapeutic agents or gamma-radiation. MDA-MB-468 cells were cultured with (111)In-DTPA-hEGF (30 MBq/microg, 1.8 x 10(5) MBq/micromol), DTPA-hEGF, methotrexate, doxorubicin, paclitaxel or 5-fluorouracil. Cell growth was measured colorimetrically. The IC(50) for 111In-DTPA-hEGF was < 70 pM (11 kBq/mL) versus 500 pM for DTPA-hEGF. The IC(50) for paclitaxel, methotrexate, doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil was 6 nM, 15 nM, 20 nM and 4 microM respectively. (111)In-DTPA-hEGF (70 pM, 11 kBq/mL) delivered approx. 6 Gy to breast cancer cells producing growth inhibition equivalent to 4 Gy of gamma-radiation. We conclude that (111)In-DTPA-hEGF exhibited potent antiproliferative effects towards breast cancer cells at concentrations much lower than chemotherapeutic agents and equivalent to those produced by several Gy of high dose rate gamma-radiation.