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ISIS is the spallation neutron source at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK. Operation centres on a high intensity proton accelerator, consisting of a 70 MeV linac and an 800 MeV rapid cycling synchrotron, which provides a beam power of 0.2 MW. Obsolescence issues are motivating plans to replace the ageing 70 MeV linac, and this paper summarises the status of studies looking at how a new, higher energy linac (~180 MeV) could be used to increase beam power in the existing synchrotron. Reduced space charge and optimised injection might allow beam powers in the 0.5 MW regime, thus providing a very cost effective upgrade. The key areas of study are: design of the injection straight; injection painting and dynamics; foil specifications; acceleration dynamics; transverse space charge; instabilities; RF beam loading; and activation. Results from work on many of these topics suggest that beam powers of ~0.5 MW may well be possible, but a number of areas still present significant challenges. Results and recent progress are summarised. Copyright © 2011 by IPAC'11/EPS-AG.


Conference paper

Publication Date



2760 - 2762