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The ISIS Facility at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK produces intense neutron and muon beams for condensed matter research. It is based on a 50 Hz proton synchrotron which, once the commissioning of a new dual harmonic RF system is complete, will accelerate about 3.5×1013 protons per pulse from 70 to 800 MeV, corresponding to mean beam powers of 0.2 MW. The multi-turn charge-exchange injection process strongly affects transverse beam distributions, space charge forces, beam loss and therefore operational intensity. The evolution of longitudinal distributions and subsequent trapping efficiency is also intimately linked with injection. Optimising injection is therefore a key consideration for present and future upgrades. Work is now under way looking at this process in more detail, and relates closely to other transverse space charge studies on the ring. This paper presents work including: space charge simulations of the present machine and comparison with observations; assessment of related loss mechanisms; and study of optimal painting schemes. Plans and preparations for more detailed experimental work are also summarised. ©2007 IEEE.

Original publication




Conference paper

Publication Date



1640 - 1642