Oxidative DNA Cleavage with Clip-Phenanthroline Triplex-Forming Oligonucleotide Hybrids.
Panattoni A., El-Sagheer AH., Brown T., Kellett A., Hocek M.
A systematic study of several new types of hybrids of Cu-chelated clamped phenanthroline artificial metallonuclease (AMN) with triplex-forming oligonucleotides (TFO) for sequence-specific cleavage of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) is reported. The synthesis of these AMN-TFO hybrids is based on application of the alkyne-azide cycloaddition click reaction as the key step. The AMN was attached through different linkers at either the 5'- or 3'-ends or in the middle of the TFO stretch. The diverse hybrids efficiently formed triplexes with the target purine-rich sequence and their copper complexes were studied for their ability to cleave dsDNA in the presence of ascorbate as a reductant. In all cases, the influence of the nature and length of the AMN-TFO, time, conditions and amounts of ascorbate were studied, and optimum conjugates and a procedure that gave reasonably efficient (up to 34 %) cleavage of the target sequence, while rendering an off-target dsDNA intact, were found. The footprint of cleavage on PAGE was identified only in one case, with low conversion; this means that cleavage does not proceed with single nucleotide precision. On the other hand, these AMN-TFO hybrids are useful for the selective degradation of target dsDNA sequences. Future improvements to this design may provide higher resolution and selectivity.