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SummaryCyclins are central engines of cell cycle progression when partnered with Cyclin Dependent Kinases (CDKs). Among the different cyclins controlling cell cycle progression, cyclin F does not partner with a CDK, but forms an E3 ubiquitin ligase, assembling through the F-box domain, an Skp1-Cul1-F-box (SCF) module. Although multiple substrates of cyclin F have been identified the vulnerabilities of cells lacking cyclin F are not known. Thus, we assessed viability of cells lacking cyclin F upon challenging cells with more than 200 kinase inhibitors. The screen revealed a striking synthetic lethality between Chk1 inhibition and cyclin F loss. Chk1 inhibition in cells lacking cyclin F leads to DNA replication catastrophe. The DNA replication catastrophe depends on the accumulation of E2F1 in cyclin F depleted cells. We observe that SCFcyclin F promotes E2F1 degradation after Chk1 inhibitors in a CDK dependent manner. Thus, Cyclin F restricts E2F1 activity during cell cycle and upon checkpoint inhibition to prevent DNA replication stress. Our findings pave the way for patient selection in the clinical use of checkpoint inhibitors.

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