Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The cellular transcription factor E2F plays a critical role in integrating cell cycle progression with the transcription apparatus by virtue of a physical interaction and control by key regulators of the cell cycle, such as pRb, cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases. Generic E2F DNA binding activity arises when a member of two families of proteins, E2F and DP, form heterodimeric complexes, an interaction which results in co-operative transcriptional and DNA binding activity. Here, we characterise a new and hitherto unexpected mechanism of control influencing the activity of E2F which is mediated at the level of intracellular location through a dependence on heterodimer formation for nuclear translocation. Nuclear accumulation is dramatically influenced by two distinct processes: alternative splicing of a nuclear localization signal and subunit composition of the E2F heterodimer. These data define a new level of control in the E2F transcription factor whereby interplay between subunits dictates the levels of nuclear DNA binding activity.


Journal article


Journal of Cell Science

Publication Date





2443 - 2452