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BACKGROUND: The Bowman-Birk inhibitor is a soybean-derived protease inhibitor that has anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activities. METHODS: A Phase I trial of Bowman-Birk inhibitor concentrate (BBIC) in 19 male subjects with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) has been performed. RESULTS: The results of the trial indicated that there was no dose-limiting toxicity of BBIC. There was a statistically significant decrease in serum PSA levels in all BBIC-treated patients. Some BBIC-treated patients exhibited a relatively large reduction in serum PSA levels, ranging up to a 43% reduction. There was also a statistically significant decrease in serum triglyceride levels and a decrease in prostate volume in the treated patients. The scores recorded in response to a urinary symptom questionnaire indicated improved urinary activities in the BBIC-treated patients; however, the control subjects exhibited similar improvements in urinary activities during the course of the trial. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained in this trial, particularly the data suggesting that BBIC treatment may lead to reduced serum PSA levels and reduced prostate volumes, suggest that a Phase II clinical trial of BBIC for the therapy of BPH is warranted.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





16 - 28


Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biopsy, Needle, Cholesterol, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prostate, Prostate-Specific Antigen, Prostatic Hyperplasia, Quality of Life, Treatment Outcome, Triglycerides, Trypsin Inhibitor, Bowman-Birk Soybean, Urinary Retention