The pitfalls of lung cancer screening.
Goodwin M., Gleeson FV.
Lung cancer screening has received extensive attention for a number of years. As yet the goal of such a screening programme, a reduction in lung cancer mortality proven by a large randomised controlled trial, has not been achieved. Instead we are left with a number of unanswered questions and practical problems. In addition to the basic requirements for an effective screening programme, this review will identify the main pitfalls in lung cancer screening, with particular reference to multislice computed tomography. The specific difficulties relating to the identification of unimportant disease, the failure to identify important disease successfully, the consequences of investigating and treating identified disease and the financial costs will all be discussed.