BNIP3 expression is linked with hypoxia-regulated protein expression and with poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer.
Giatromanolaki A., Koukourakis MI., Sowter HM., Sivridis E., Gibson S., Gatter KC., Harris AL.
BNIP3 is a proapoptotic protein regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1. We analyzed BNIP3 expression in 105 tumor samples from early operable, non-small lung cancer and the relationship of expression to hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha, other hypoxia-regulated pathways, and prognosis. There was strong cytoplasmic expression in >10% of cells in 40 of 105 cases. BNIP3 expression was associated significantly with high hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (P = 0.003), carbonic anhydrase 9 (P = 0.04), and was inversely associated with bcl-2 expression (P = 0.009). High BNIP3 expression was a major independent factor for overall survival. Thus, high expression of a hypoxia regulated proapoptotic pathway was associated with a selection of an aggressive phenotype in vivo.