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OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated whether polymorphisms of the HIF-1alpha gene may account for the patterns of HIF-1alpha protein expression in non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC) and the expression of HIF-1alpha down-stream proteins. METHODS: Specific HIF-1alpha polymorphisms were assessed in a series of patients with NSCLC: (a) the C to T transition at nucleotide 1744 (position 2028 according to sequence with accession number , which gives rise to Pro/Ser variation at codon 582), (b) the G to A nucleotide substitution at point 1790 (position 2046 according to sequence with accession number , which gives rise to Ala/Thr variation at codon 588), and (c) the dinucleotide GT repeat polymorphism in intron 13. Immunohistochemistry for HIF-1alpha and down-stream proteins (VEGF, LDH-5, GLUT-1) was also performed in tumor material. RESULTS: A strong association of the P582S polymorphism and of GT repeat polymorphism higher than 14/14 with increased HIF-1alpha expression was noted. HIF-1alpha polymorphism did not relate to the expression of the HIF-1alpha downstream proteins analysed, but significant association of HIF-1alpha expression with LDH-5 was confirmed (p=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: HIF-1alpha polymorphisms may have an important impact on HIF-protein stability and, eventually, function.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.lungcan.2006.05.025

Type

Journal article

Journal

Lung Cancer

Publication Date

09/2006

Volume

53

Pages

257 - 262

Keywords

Aged, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Cell Nucleus, Codon, Cytoplasm, Dinucleotide Repeats, Exons, Female, Humans, Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit, Immunohistochemistry, Introns, Lung Neoplasms, Male, Middle Aged, Polymorphism, Genetic