Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: In 'IDEAL-6' patients (N = 78) treated for locally-advanced non-small-cell lung cancer using isotoxically dose-escalated radiotherapy, overall survival (OS) was associated more strongly with VLAwall-64-73-EQD2, the left atrial (LA) wall volume receiving 64-73 Gy equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2), than with whole-heart irradiation measures. Here we test this in an independent cohort 'OX-RT' (N = 64) treated routinely. METHODS: Using Cox regression analysis we assessed how strongly OS was associated with VLAwall-64-73-EQD2, with whole-heart volumes receiving 64-73 Gy EQD2 or doses above 10-to-70 Gy thresholds, and with principal components of whole-heart dose-distributions. Additionally, we tested associations between OS and volumes of cardiac substructures receiving dose-ranges described by whole-heart principal components significantly associated with OS. RESULTS: In univariable analyses of OX-RT, OS was associated more strongly with VLAwall-64-73-EQD2 than with whole-heart irradiation measures, but more strongly still with VAortV-29-38-EQD2, the volume of the aortic valve region receiving 29-38 Gy EQD2. The best multivariable OS model included LA wall and aortic valve region mean doses, and the aortic valve volume receiving ≥38 Gy EQD2, VAortV-38-EQD2. In a subsidiary analysis of IDEAL-6, the best multivariable model included VLAwall-64-73-EQD2, VAortV-29-38-EQD2, VAortV-38-EQD2 and mean aortic valve dose. CONCLUSION: We propose reducing heart mean doses to the lowest levels possible while meeting protocol dose-limits for lung, oesophagus, proximal bronchial tree, cord and brachial plexus. This in turn achieves large reductions in VAortV-29-38-EQD2 and VLAwall-64-73-EQD2, and we plan to closely monitor patients with values of these measures still >0% (their median value in OX-RT) following reduction.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.radonc.2021.10.016

Type

Journal article

Journal

Radiother Oncol

Publication Date

27/10/2021

Volume

165

Pages

119 - 125

Keywords

Cardiac irradiation, Lung cancer, Radiotherapy, Survival