Effects of Respiratory Motion on Y-90 PET Dosimetry for SIRT.
Walker MD., Gear JI., Craig AJ., McGowan DR.
Respiratory motion degrades the quantification accuracy of PET imaging by blurring the radioactivity distribution. In the case of post-SIRT PET-CT verification imaging, respiratory motion can lead to inaccuracies in dosimetric measures. Using an anthropomorphic phantom filled with 90Y at a range of clinically relevant activities, together with a respiratory motion platform performing realistic motions (10-15 mm amplitude), we assessed the impact of respiratory motion on PET-derived post-SIRT dosimetry. Two PET scanners at two sites were included in the assessment. The phantom experiments showed that device-driven quiescent period respiratory motion correction improved the accuracy of the quantification with statistically significant increases in both the mean contrast recovery (+5%, p = 0.003) and the threshold activities corresponding to the dose to 80% of the volume of interest (+6%, p < 0.001). Although quiescent period gating also reduces the number of counts and hence increases the noise in the PET image, its use is encouraged where accurate quantification of the above metrics is desired.