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In germ line cells, recombination is required for gene reassortment and proper chromosome segregation at meiosis, whereas in somatic cells it provides an important mechanism for the repair of DNA double-strand breaks. Five proteins (RAD51B, RAD51C, RAD51D, XRCC2, and XRCC3) that share homology with RAD51 recombinase and are known as the RAD51 paralogs are important for recombinational repair, as paralog-defective cell lines exhibit spontaneous chromosomal aberrations, defective DNA repair, and reduced gene targeting. The paralogs form two distinct protein complexes, RAD51B-RAD51C-RAD51D-XRCC2 and RAD51C-XRCC3, but their precise cellular roles remain unknown. Here, we show that, like MLH1, RAD51C localized to mouse meiotic chromosomes at pachytene/diplotene. Using immunoprecipitation and gel filtration analyses, we found that Holliday junction resolvase activity associated tightly and co-eluted with the 80-kDa RAD51C-XRCC3 complex. Taken together, these data indicate that the RAD51C-XRCC3-associated Holliday junction resolvase complex associates with crossovers and may play an essential role in the resolution of recombination intermediates prior to chromosome segregation.

Original publication




Journal article


J Biol Chem

Publication Date





1973 - 1979


Animals, Cell Movement, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, Chromatography, Gel, Chromosome Aberrations, DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded, DNA Repair, DNA-Binding Proteins, HeLa Cells, Humans, Male, Mice, Protein Binding, Recombination, Genetic