Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

In addition to double- and single-strand DNA breaks and isolated base modifications, ionizing radiation induces clustered DNA damage, which contains two or more lesions closely spaced within about two helical turns on opposite DNA strands. Post-irradiation repair of single-base lesions is routinely performed by base excision repair and a DNA strand break is involved as an intermediate. Simultaneous processing of lesions on opposite DNA strands may generate double-strand DNA breaks and enhance nonhomologous end joining, which frequently results in the formation of deletions. Recent studies support the possibility that the mechanism of base excision repair contributes to genome stability by diminishing the formation of double-strand DNA breaks during processing of clustered lesions.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





745 - 749


Animals, Carbon-Oxygen Lyases, DNA, DNA Damage, DNA Glycosylases, DNA Repair, DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase, Deoxyribonuclease IV (Phage T4-Induced), Genome, Humans, Models, Biological, N-Glycosyl Hydrolases