Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

During mouse meiosis, the early prophase RAD51/DMC1 recombination protein sites, which are associated with the chromosome cores and which serve as markers for ongoing DNA-DNA interactions, are in ten-fold excess of the eventual reciprocal recombinant events. Most, if not all, of these early interactions are eliminated as prophase progresses. The manner in which these sites are eliminated is the focus of this investigation. We report that these sites acquire replication protein A, RPA and the Escherichia coli MUTS homologue, MSH4p, and somewhat later the Bloom helicase, BLM, while simultaneously losing the RAD51/DMC1 component. Eventually the RPA component is also lost and BLM sites remain. At that time, the MUTL homologue, MLH1p, which is essential for reciprocal recombination in the mouse, appears in numbers and locations that correspond to the distribution of reciprocal recombination events. However, the MLH1 foci do not appear to coincide with the remaining BLM sites. The MLH1p is specifically localized to electron-microscope-defined recombination nodules. We consider the possibility that the homology-search RAD51/DMC1 complexes are involved in homologous chromosome synapsis but that most of these early DNA-DNA interactions are later resolved by the anti-recombination RPA/MSH4/BLM-topoisomerase complex, thereby preventing the formation of superfluous reciprocal recombinant events.


Journal article


J Cell Sci

Publication Date





1611 - 1622


Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Adenosine Triphosphatases, Animals, Cell Nucleus, Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone, Chromosomes, DNA, DNA Helicases, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Humans, Male, Meiosis, Mice, Microscopy, Immunoelectron, Models, Genetic, MutL Protein Homolog 1, Nuclear Proteins, Rad51 Recombinase, Rats, RecQ Helicases, Recombination, Genetic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Spermatocytes, Time Factors