Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta) is important for the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Overexpression of Pol beta is frequently found in cancer cells and is thought to be associated with tumorigenesis. In this study, we examined BER fidelity in extracts derived from a human lymphoblastoid cell line that over expresses Pol beta compared to normal control cells. Using an in vitro mutagenesis assay, we found an increased rate of frameshift mutations arising during DNA repair in whole-cell extracts derived from the Pol beta-overexpressing cells. We demonstrate that the addition of excess Pol beta to a control cell extract enhances the mutagenic potential of the extract. Furthermore, using cell extracts and purified Pol beta, we demonstrate that the mechanism of frameshift formation involves slippage of Pol beta during the one-nucleotide gap-filling step of BER and that this slippage is fixed by strand-displacement synthesis stimulated by an excess of Pol beta.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/mutage/gel070

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mutagenesis

Publication Date

05/2007

Volume

22

Pages

183 - 188

Keywords

Base Sequence, Blotting, Western, Cell Line, Tumor, DNA Polymerase beta, DNA Repair, DNA Replication, Escherichia coli, Frameshift Mutation, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Oligonucleotides