Base excision repair fidelity in normal and cancer cells.
Chan KKL., Zhang Q-M., Dianov GL.
In mammalian cells, base excision repair (BER) is the major repair pathway involved in the removal of non-bulky damaged nucleotides. The fidelity of BER is dependent on the polymerization step, where the major BER DNA polymerase (Pol beta) must incorporate the correct Watson-Crick base paired nucleotide into the one nucleotide repair gap. Recent studies have indicated that expression of some Pol beta variants or changes in expression of wild-type Pol beta protein, frequently found in cancer cells, can lead to DNA repair synthesis errors and confers to cells a mutator phenotype.