Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: Haemoglobin (Hb) G-Philadelphia mutation is a common alpha-globin chain variant [α68(E17)Asn > Lys]. Combined high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and isoelectric focusing (IEF) can be used in a presumptive diagnosis of Hb G-Philadelphia, but there are other α-chain variants with a similar phenotype that cannot be excluded. Our aim was to develop a novel StyI restriction enzyme assay to diagnose the common Hb G-Philadelphia mutation and to identify any other variants with a similar phenotype by DNA sequencing. METHODS: Thirty-one cases given a presumptive diagnosis as Hb G-Philadelphia by HPLC and IEF were subjected to DNA analysis by restriction enzyme digestion using StyI. Negative cases were then subjected to DNA sequencing. RESULTS: Twenty-two cases (78.6%) of 28 cases amplified were tested positive for Hb G-Philadelphia by StyI restriction digestion. Sequencing of the six negative cases revealed two cases of Hb G-Philadelphia with C→A mutation in codon 68 in α2 globin gene, plus one case each of Hb G-Norfolk Hb Stanleyville-II, Hb Matsue-Oki and Hb Mizushi. CONCLUSION: A novel StyI restriction enzyme can be used to confirm the commonest type of Hb G-Philadelphia. DNA sequencing identified four other α-chain variants with a similar HPLC and IEF phenotype.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1751-553X.2010.01289.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int J Lab Hematol

Publication Date

06/2011

Volume

33

Pages

318 - 325

Keywords

Base Sequence, Codon, Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific, Genetic Variation, Hemoglobins, Abnormal, Humans, Mutation, Phenotype, Sequence Analysis, DNA, alpha-Globins