Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification identification of 17 different beta-globin gene deletions (including four novel mutations) in the UK population.
Gallienne AE., Dréau HM., McCarthy J., Timbs AT., Hampson JM., Schuh A., Old JM., Henderson SJ.
Large deletions of the beta-globin gene cluster are problematic to diagnose, and consequently the frequency and range of these mutations in the UK is unknown. Here we present a study evaluating the efficacy of the recently available technique of multiplex ligation-dependent prob amplification (MLPA) to determine the range and frequency of these deletions in the UK population. The results revealed a large deletion mutation in 75 of 316 patient samples collected over a 3-year period. Of these, 52 had a common (deltabeta)(0)-thalassemia [(deltabeta)(0)-thal] or hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) allele and 23 had rare or novel deletions resulting in (epsilon(G)gamma(A)gammadeltabeta)(0)-thal, (G)gamma(A)gamma(deltabeta)(0)-thal and beta(0)-thal. A total of 17 different deletions were found, 10 of which were rare and four were most likely novel [Asian Indian (epsilon(G)gamma(A)gammadeltabeta)(0)-thal, African (deltabeta)(0)-thal, African beta(0)-thal and Afghanistani beta(0)-thal]. The MLPA technique detected examples from all four categories of beta-globin gene deletions and demonstrated the wide molecular basis of deletional beta-thal/HPFH in UK patients.