A two-part phase II study of cediranib in patients with advanced solid tumours: the effect of food on single-dose pharmacokinetics and an evaluation of safety, efficacy and imaging pharmacodynamics.
Mitchell CL., O'Connor JPB., Roberts C., Watson Y., Jackson A., Cheung S., Evans J., Spicer J., Harris A., Kelly C., Rudman S., Middleton M., Fielding A., Tessier J., Young H., Parker GJM., Jayson GC.
BACKGROUND: Cediranib (RECENTIN™) is an oral, highly potent VEGF inhibitor. This study evaluated the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of cediranib and compared the administration of continual cediranib via two dosing strategies using this as a platform to investigate pharmacodynamic imaging biomarkers. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomised to receive two single doses of cediranib in either fed/fasted or fasted/fed state (Part A). In continual dosage phase (Part B), patients were randomised to a fixed-dose or dose-escalation arm. Exploratory pharmacodynamic assessments were performed using DCE-MRI and CT enhancing fraction (EnF). RESULTS: In part A, plasma AUC and C (max) of cediranib were lower in the presence of food by a mean of 24 and 33%, respectively (94% CI: AUC, 12-34% and C (max), 20-43%), indicating food reduces cediranib plasma exposure. In part B, cediranib 30 mg/day appeared to be the most sustainable for chronic dosing. Continuous cediranib therapy was associated with sustained antivascular effects up to 16 weeks, with significant reductions in DCE-MRI parameters and CT EnF. CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended that cediranib be administered at least 1 h before or 2 h after food. Evidence of antitumour activity was observed, with significant sustained effects upon imaging vascular parameters.