Signalling DNA damage by regulating p53 co-factor activity.
Smith L., La Thangue NB.
In response to DNA damage the related phosphatidylinositol-3-OH-kinase-like-kinases ATM and ATR phosphorylate downstream protein targets which facilitate the DNA damage response. A new pathway in which ATM phosphorylates the transcriptional co-factor Strap has been elucidated. Phosphorylation causes the stabilization of nuclear Strap and favours the formation of a stress-responsive co-activator complex. Strap activity enhances p53 acetylation, and augments the response to DNA damage. Most interestingly, in AT cells Strap remains cytoplasmic, and a mutant derivative that cannot be phosphorylated by ATM is similarly localised to the cytoplasm. These results argue that Strap is an important downstream effector in the DNA damage response.