E2F-7: a distinctive E2F family member with an unusual organization of DNA-binding domains.
Logan N., Delavaine L., Graham A., Reilly C., Wilson J., Brummelkamp TR., Hijmans EM., Bernards R., La Thangue NB.
The E2F family of transcription factors play an important role in regulating cell cycle progression. We report here the characterization and functional properties of a new member of the human E2F family, referred to as E2F-7. E2F-7 has two separate DNA-binding domains, a feature that distinguishes E2F-7 from other mammalian E2F proteins, but resembling the organization of recently isolated E2F-like proteins from Arabidopsis. E2F-7 binds to DNA independently of a DP partner and delays cell cycle progression. Interestingly, E2F-7 modulates the transcription properties of other E2F proteins. A mutational analysis indicates that the integrity of both DNA-binding domains is required for cell cycle delay and transcriptional modulation. Biochemical results and protein modelling studies suggest that in binding to DNA interactions occur between the two DNA-binding domains, most probably as a homodimer, thereby mimicking the organization of an E2F/DP heterodimer. These structural and functional properties of E2F-7 imply a unique role in regulating cellular proliferation.