Comparative analysis of dose volume histogram reduction algorithms for normal tissue complication probability calculations.
Cozzi L., Buffa FM., Fogliata A.
A model for estimating radiotherapy treatment outcome through the probability of damage to normal tissue and the probability of tumour control is a useful tool for treatment plan optimization, dose escalation strategies and other currently used procedures in radiation oncology. Normal tissue complication estimation (NTCP) is here analysed from the point of view of the reliability and internal consistency of the most popular model. Five different dose volume histogram (DVH) reduction algorithms, applied to the Lyman model for NTCP calculation. were analysed and compared. The study was carried out for sets of parameters corresponding to quite different expected dose-response relationships. In particular, we discussed the dependence of the models on the parameters and on the dose bin size in the DVH. The sensitivity of the different reduction schemes to dose inhomogeneities was analysed, using a set of simple DVHs representing typical situations of radiation therapy routine. Significant differences were substantiated between the various reduction methods regarding the sensitivity to the degree of irradiation homogeneity, to the model parameters and to the dose bin size. Structural aspects of the reduction formalism allowed an explanation for these differences. This work shows that DVH reduction for NTCP calculation has still to be considered as a very delicate field and used with extreme care, especially for clinical applications, at least until the actual formulations are tuned against strong clinical data.