Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

8-Cl-cAMP has been undergoing clinical trials as a potential chemotherapy agent, but there is much discussion in the literature as to whether the active agent is 8-Cl-cAMP itself, or its major metabolite, 8-Cl-adenosine. 8-Cl-cAMP is susceptible to the action of serum enzymes such as phosphodiesterases, and its metabolism when administered to cancer patients raises questions as to the mechanism of action of 8-Cl-cAMP. The stability of 8-Cl-cAMP when incubated with serum, and the effects of both 8-Cl-cAMP and 8-Cl-adenosine on the proliferation of variant lines of CHO cells hypersensitive to 8-Cl-cAMP were investigated. A solid-phase extraction (SPE) purification protocol and the HPLC method previously developed were used to determine 8-Cl-cAMP and 8-Cl-adenosine. Heat treatment of serum inactivated the enzymes in the culture medium responsible for activating 8-Cl-cAMP. Under these conditions 8-Cl-cAMP remained stable and there were no traces of its metabolite, 8-Cl-adenosine. Cell culture experiments showed that 8-Cl-cAMP only affected cell growth in medium that contained untreated serum. In contrast, 8-Cl-adenosine was shown to be growth inhibitory in medium containing either heat-treated or untreated serum. HPLC analysis of the culture medium from the cell culture experiments supported the hypothesis that 8-Cl-cAMP was only effective in inhibiting cell growth after metabolism to 8-Cl-adenosine. Thus further studies of this drug and its mechanism of action should focus on 8-Cl-adenosine.


Journal article


Cancer Chemother Pharmacol

Publication Date





451 - 458


2-Chloroadenosine, 8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate, Adenosine, Animals, Antineoplastic Agents, CHO Cells, Cell Division, Chlorine Compounds, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Cricetinae, Temperature