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The central importance of tumour neovascularization has been emphasized by clinical trials using antiangiogenic therapy in breast cancer. This review gives a background to breast tumour neovascularization in in situ and invasive breast cancer, outlines the mechanisms by which this is achieved and discusses the influence of the microenvironment, focusing on hypoxia. The regulation of angiogenesis and the antivascular agents that are used in an antiangiogenic dosing schedule, both novel and conventional, are also summarized.

Original publication




Journal article


Breast Cancer Res

Publication Date





Angiogenesis Inhibitors, Angiogenic Proteins, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Antineoplastic Agents, Bevacizumab, Biomarkers, Tumor, Breast Neoplasms, Cell Hypoxia, Female, Humans, Neovascularization, Pathologic, Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A