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A hypoxia-associated gene signature (metagene) was previously derived via in vivo data-mining. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether this approach could identify novel hypoxia regulated genes. From an initial list of nine genes, three were selected for further study (BCAR1, IGF2BP2 and SLCO1B3). Ten cell lines were exposed to hypoxia and interrogated for the expression of the three genes. All three genes were hypoxia inducible in at least one of the 10 cell lines with SLCO1B3 induced in seven. SLCO1B3 was studied further using chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase assays to investigate hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) dependent transcription. Two functional HIF response elements were identified within intron 1 of the gene. The functional importance of SLCO1B3 was studied by gene knockdown experiments followed by cell growth assays, flow cytometry and Western blotting. SLCO1B3 knockdown reduced cell size and 3-dimensional spheroid volume, which was associated with decreased activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Finally, Oncomine analysis revealed that head and neck and colorectal tumours had higher levels of SLCO1B3 compared to normal tissue. Thus, the knowledge based approach for deriving gene signatures can identify novel biologically relevant genes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ejca.2012.12.003

Type

Journal article

Journal

Eur J Cancer

Publication Date

05/2013

Volume

49

Pages

1741 - 1751

Keywords

Blotting, Western, Caco-2 Cells, Cell Hypoxia, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Proliferation, Cell Size, Colorectal Neoplasms, Crk-Associated Substrate Protein, Flow Cytometry, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, HCT116 Cells, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Introns, Neoplasms, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Independent, RNA Interference, RNA-Binding Proteins, Response Elements, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Solute Carrier Organic Anion Transporter Family Member 1B3, Spheroids, Cellular