Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

G-Rich sequences are known to form four-stranded structures that are based on stacks of G-quartets, and sequences with the potential to adopt these structures are common in eukaryotic genomes. However, there are few rules for predicting the relative stability of folded complexes that are adopted by sequences with different-length G-tracts or variable-length linkers between them. We have used thermal melting, circular dichroism, and gel electrophoresis to examine the topology and stability of intramolecular G-quadruplexes that are formed by sequences of the type d(GnT)4 and d(GnT2)4 (n = 3-7) in the presence of varying concentrations of sodium and potassium. In the presence of potassium or sodium, d(GnT)4 sequences form intramolecular parallel complexes with the following order of stability: n = 3 > n = 7 > n = 6 > n = 5 > n = 4. d(G3T)4 is anomalously stable. In contrast, the stability of d(GnT2)4 increases with the length of the G-tract (n = 7 > n = 6 > n = 5 > n = 4 > n = 3). The CD spectra for d(GnT)4 in the presence of potassium exhibit positive peaks around 260 nm, consistent with the formation of parallel topologies. These peaks are retained in sodium-containing buffers, but when n = 4, 5, or 6, CD maxima are observed around 290 nm, suggesting that these sequences [especially d(G5T)4] have some antiparallel characteristics. d(G3T2)4 adopts a parallel conformation in the presence of both sodium and potassium, while all the other d(GnT2)4 complexes exhibit predominantly antiparallel features. The properties of these complexes are also affected by the rate of annealing, and faster rates favor parallel complexes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1021/bi062118j

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochemistry

Publication Date

20/03/2007

Volume

46

Pages

3036 - 3044

Keywords

Circular Dichroism, DNA, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, G-Quadruplexes, Hot Temperature, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Nucleic Acid Denaturation, Osmolar Concentration, Poly G, Potassium, Sodium, Spectrometry, Fluorescence