Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We have studied the formation of DNA triple helices at target sites that contain mismatches in the duplex target. Fluorescence melting studies were used to examine a series of parallel triple helices that contain all 64 N.XZ triplet combinations at the centre (where N, X and Z are each of the four natural DNA bases in turn). Similar experiments were also performed with N=bis-amino-U (BAU) (for stable recognition of AT base pairs) and N=S (for recognition of TA inversions). We find that the introduction of a duplex mismatch destabilises the C+.GZ, T.AZ and G.TZ triplets. A similar effect is seen with BAU.AZ triplets. In contrast, other base combinations, based on non-standard triplets such as C.AZ, T.TZ, G.CZ and A.CZ are stabilised by the presence of a duplex mismatch. In each case S binds to sites containing duplex mismatches better than the corresponding Watson-Crick base pairs.

Original publication




Journal article


Biophys Chem

Publication Date





134 - 140


Base Pair Mismatch, Binding Sites, DNA, Hydrogen Bonding, Molecular Conformation, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Oligonucleotides, Temperature