Combining nucleoside analogues to achieve recognition of oligopurine tracts by triplex-forming oligonucleotides at physiological pH.
Rusling DA., Le Strat L., Powers VEC., Broughton-Head VJ., Booth J., Lack O., Brown T., Fox KR.
We have used DNase I footprinting to examine DNA triple helix formation at a 12 base pair oligopurine.oligopyrimidine sequence, using oligonucleotides that contain combinations of 2'-aminoethoxy-5-(3-aminoprop-1-ynyl)uridine (bis-amino-U, BAU) and 3-methyl-2-aminopyridine (MeP) in place of T and C, respectively. This combination acts cooperatively to enable high affinity triple helix formation at physiological pH. The affinity depends on the number of substitutions and their arrangement; oligonucleotides in which these analogues are evenly distributed throughout the third strand bind much better than those in which they are clustered together.