Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The NMR solution structure of the A.T rich DNA 14-mer duplex d(ATACATGGTACATA).d(TATGTACCATGTAT) is reported. This is compared with the NMR structure of the same duplex intrastrand cross-linked at the d(G*pG*) site by cis-(Pt(NH3)2¿2+, derived from the anticancer drug cisplatin. The unmodified duplex has B-DNA geometry, but there is a large positive base-pair roll (roll angle 24 +/- 2 degrees) at the T9-A10 step on the 3' side of the central GG site. Platination of the DNA duplex causes the adjacent guanine bases to roll toward one another (roll angle 44 +/- 4 degrees), leading to an overall helix bend of 52 +/- 9 degrees. The platinum atom is displaced from the planes of the coordinated G7* and G8* by 0.8 A and 0.3 A, respectively. The minor groove opposite the platinum lesion is widened and flattened, with geometric parameters similar to those of A-form DNA. The unwinding of the helix at the platination site is 26 degrees. Platination causes the DNA duplex to bend toward the 3'-end (with respect to the G*G* strand), in contrast to G C-rich structures reported previously, which bend toward the 5'-end. This difference can be attributed to the predisposition of the A.T rich duplex toward bending in this region. Protein recognition of bent platinated G*G* lesions may therefore exhibit a strong dependence on the local DNA structure.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/1521-3765(20001002)6:19<3636::aid-chem3636>3.3.co;2-n

Type

Journal article

Journal

Chemistry

Publication Date

02/10/2000

Volume

6

Pages

3636 - 3644

Keywords

Base Sequence, Cisplatin, DNA, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Nucleic Acid Conformation