Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The structure of the complex between d(TGATCA) and the anthracycline 4'-epiadriamycin has been determined by crystallographic methods. The crystals are tetragonal, space group P4(1)2(1)2 with unit cell dimensions of a = 28.01, c = 52.95A. The asymmetric unit consists of one strand of hexanucleotide, one molecule of 4'-epiadriamycin and 34 waters. The R-factor is 20.2% for 1694 reflections with F greater than or equal to 2 sigma F to 1.7A. Two asymmetric units associate to generate a duplex complexed with two drug molecules at the d(TpG) steps of the duplex. The chromophore intercalates between these base pairs with the anthracycline amino-sugar positioned in the minor groove. The double helix is a distorted B-DNA type structure. Our structure determination of d(TGATCA) complexed to 4'-epiadriamycin allows for comparison with the previously reported structures of 4'-epiadriamycin bound to d(TGTACA) and to d(CGATCG). The three complexes are similar in gross features and the intercalation geometry is the same irrespective of whether a d(CpG) or d(TpG) sequence is involved. However, the orientation of the amino-sugar displays a dependence on the sequence adjacent to the intercalation site. The flexibility of this amino-sugar may help explain why this class of antibiotics displays a relative insensitivity to base sequence when they bind to DNA.


Journal article


Nucleic Acids Res

Publication Date





3561 - 3566


Epirubicin, Hydrogen Bonding, Macromolecular Substances, Models, Molecular, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, X-Ray Diffraction