TGF-β: an emerging player in drug resistance.
Brunen D., Willems SM., Kellner U., Midgley R., Simon I., Bernards R.
The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathway acts as a double-edged sword in tumorigenesis. By constraining epithelial cell growth, TGF-β is a potent tumor suppressor. However, TGF-β also acts as a key player in the induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), thereby enhancing invasiveness and metastasis. Furthermore, TGF-β signaling has recently been correlated with resistance against both targeted and conventional anticancer agents. Here, we present data demonstrating a role for TGF-β in chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer (CRC). We discuss these results in the context of recent findings indicating TGF-β signaling as an emerging player in cancer drug resistance.