Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

We report here the spectrum of δ-globin gene mutations found in the UK population. Nine different δ chain variants and two δ-thalassemia (δ-thal) mutations were characterized in a study of 127 alleles in patients with either a low Hb A2 value or a split Hb A2 peak on high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The most common δ chain variant was Hb [Formula: see text] (or Hb B2) [δ16(A13)Gly → Arg; HBD: c.49G > C] (77.0%), followed by Hb A2-Yialousa [δ27(B9)Ala → Ser; HBD: c.82G > T] (12.0%), Hb A2-Babinga [δ136(H14)Gly → Asp; HBD: c.410G > A] (3.0%), Hb A2-Troodos [δ116(G18)Arg → Cys; HBD: c.349C > T] (1.0%), Hb A2-Coburg [δ116(G18)Arg → His; HBD: c.350G > A] (2.0%) and Hb A2-Indonesia [δ69(E13)Gly → Arg; HBD: c.208G > C] (1.0%). Three novel variants were identified: Hb A2-Calderdale [codon 2 (CAT > AAT), His → Asn; HBD: c.7C > A], Hb A2-Walsgrave [codon 52 (GAT > CAT), Asp → His; HBD: c.157G > C] and Hb A2-St. George's [codon 81 (CTC > TTC), Leu → Phe; HBD: c.244C > T]. In addition, two known δ-thal mutations were observed: -68 (C > T); HBD: c.-118C > T and codon 4 (ACT > ATT); HBD: c.14C > T. Amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) primers were developed to provide a simple molecular diagnostic test for the most common variant, Hb [Formula: see text]. Three of the variants had a characteristic HPLC retention time that can be used for a presumptive diagnosis.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





201 - 206


novel Hb A2 variants, δ-Globin gene mutations, DNA Mutational Analysis, Female, Hemoglobins, Abnormal, Humans, Male, Molecular Diagnostic Techniques, Mutation, United Kingdom, delta-Globins, delta-Thalassemia