Effects of (5'S)-5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine on the base excision repair of oxidatively generated clustered DNA damage. A biochemical and theoretical study.
Karwowski BT., Bellon S., O'Neill P., Lomax ME., Cadet J.
The presence of 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine (5'S)-cdA induces modifications in the geometry of the DNA duplex in the 5'-end direction of the strand and in the 3'-end direction of the complementary strand. As a consequence, the enzymes are probably not able to adjust their active sites in this rigid structure. Additionally, clustered DNA damage sites, a signature of ionising radiation, pose a severe challenge to a cell's repair machinery, particularly base excision repair (BER). To date, clusters containing a DNA base lesion, (5'S)-cdA, which is repaired by nucleotide excision repair, have not been explored. We have therefore investigated whether bistranded clusters containing (5'S)-cdA influence the repairability of an opposed AP site lesion, which is repaired by BER. Using synthetic oligonucleotides containing a bistranded cluster with (5'S)-cdA and an AP site at different interlesion separations, we have shown that in the presence of (5'S)-cdA on the 5'-end side, repair of the AP site by the BER machinery is retarded when the AP site is ≤8 bases from the (5'S)-cdA. However, if (5'S)-cdA is located on the 3'-end side with respect to the AP site, the effect on its repair is much weaker and totally disappears for distances ≥8 bases.